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Caramel in all its forms: preparation, use and storage

  • Reading time Reading time: 4 minutes
caramel in all its forms: preparation use and storage
Caramel is a sweet treat that dates back to the 17th century, when people discovered that heating sugar creates an attractive golden-brown substance with a rich taste and aroma.

This process, known as caramelisation, transforms simple sugars into a complex mix of flavours that can range from mildly sweet to deeply toasted tones, depending on the degree of caramelisation.

Caramel has become extremely popular because of its versatility and unique taste. It is used in a wide range of desserts, from candies and toppings to cakes and ice cream. Its popularity also stems from its ability to combine with different flavours such as salt, chocolate and different types of nuts, creating endless possibilities for new and exciting desserts. In addition, caramel offers a rich texture and flavour that can enhance almost any sweet dish, making it an indispensable element in the world of confectionery.

Caramel is a dessert derived from caramelised sugar. The preparation process starts by heating the sugar to about 160°C, at which point the sugar dissolves and starts to turn golden brown. This process is called caramelisation, during which the sugar develops a rich flavour and aroma. In addition to sugar, butter, cream or water can be added during the preparation to create the desired texture and flavour.

There are several types of caramel, which vary according to ingredients, texture, and use. Here are some basic types:

1. Plain caramels (soft caramels): Made from sugar, water, butter and cream, these caramels have a soft, chewy texture. It is excellent as a stand-alone sweet or for use in a variety of desserts.

2. Hard caramels: Similar in composition to soft caramels, but cooked to a higher temperature, creating a hard texture that melts slowly in the mouth. Often used as lollipops or candies.

3. Salted caramel: Soft or hard caramel with added sea salt to enhance the sweetness and add complexity to the flavour.

4. Toffee: Characterised by its hard, crunchy texture and deep caramelised flavour. Toffee is made from sugar and butter, but sometimes nuts or chocolate are added.

Sauces & Glazes: Liquid caramel used as a topping for desserts such as ice cream, cakes and pancakes. It is made by adding more liquid (usually cream) to caramelised sugar.

6. Dulce de leche: South American version of soft caramel, made by boiling condensed milk for a long time. It has a rich, milky flavour and a creamy texture.

7. Burnt Caramel: Made by boiling sugar for a long time until it becomes darker, almost toasted, creating a more bitter, complex flavour.

Each type of caramel offers its own unique flavours and textures that can be adapted for different culinary uses, from desserts to savoury dishes.

Ideas on where to use caramel:

Caramel is a versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of desserts and dishes:

- Dessert toppings: Caramel is a great topping for ice cream, pancakes or waffles.

- Cake and pastry decoration: It is used to decorate and add flavour to cakes, cupcakes and cookies.

- Filling for sweets and chocolates: Caramel is often used as a filling for various types of chocolates and sweets.

- Flavouring for coffee and drinks: Salted caramel or toffee caramel adds a unique flavour to coffee drinks and cocktails.

We have prepared three caramel recipes that will delight you:

Recipe for Plain Caramel


- 200g sugar

- 200g Caramel Caramel 200g Caramel Caramel Caramel Caramel Caramel

- 100g butter

- 120ml cream

- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

- Pinch of salt


1. In a medium-sized saucepan, combine the sugar and water. In a medium saucepan, bring the water and sugar to a simmer.

2. Once the sugar has dissolved, add the butter and stir until incorporated.

3. Slowly add the cream, vanilla extract and salt. Increase the heat and cook until the mixture reaches 118°C (soft ball stage).

4. Pour the caramel into the prepared baking tray lined with baking paper and leave to cool and set. Cut into pieces and serve.

Recipe for Dulce de Leche


- 1 can of condensed milk


1. Remove the label from the can of condensed milk and place it in a large pot.

2. Cover the can completely with water and bring to the boil.

3. Simmer on a low heat for 2-3 hours, making sure the can is covered with water at all times.

4. Allow the can to cool completely before opening it.

5. Open and transfer the dulce de leche to a storage container.

Recipe for Caramel Bonbons


- 200g sugar

- 150ml cream

- 50g butter

- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

- Pinch of salt


1. Melt the sugar in a saucepan over a medium heat until it caramelises and turns golden brown.

2. Gently stir in the cream (carefully, as it may boil) and butter. Cook until the mixture reaches 120°C.

3. Remove from the heat and stir in the vanilla extract and salt.

4. Pour the mixture into the prepared baking tray lined with baking paper and leave to cool.

5. When the mixture has set, cut into pieces and wrap each candy in the baking paper for the candies.

How do I store my homemade caramel and how long does it keep?

Homemade caramel is best stored in an airtight container in a cool, dry place. It can be stored in the fridge to prolong its freshness, but be sure to leave it at room temperature for a while before using to soften it. Properly stored, caramel is usually usable for up to two weeks, but can last up to a month in the fridge.

BAM toffee caramel and salted caramel

We love toffee at BAM! So versatile to use, so simple but so delicious. Special types of caramel are available, including toffee caramel and salted caramel.

- Toffee caramel is known for its rich, buttery texture and deep flavour. It is excellent for use in pastries or as an accompaniment to desserts that require a rich, creamy flavour.

- Salted caramel combines the sweetness of caramel with a slight but noticeable hint of salt, creating a complex flavour that accentuates both sweet and salty notes. It is perfect for topping ice cream or as a special addition to your morning coffee. - The sweetest online shop for high quality baking products. BAM products are for everyone who loves to create with high-quality ingredients and sophisticated flavours, even in their own home kitchen.

Order ingredients with a 10% discount:

Premium BAM baking products.

Discount on products used in the recipe - 10%:
-1,58 €
14,22 €

O avtorju

Ana F.
Ustvarjalka vsebin
Become a master pâtissier

Become a master pâtissier